Solomon Islands has a total land area of 2.8 million hectares (FAO 2010). Around 2.2 million hectares of that land is forested and 90% of those forests are located on customary land. In this context, landowners and landowning communities will play a crucial role, alongside other stakeholders, in the successful implementation of any future REDD+ projects. The REDD+ mechanism, as well as the three Rio Conventions that guide the initiative, have in-built processes, both at the international and national levels to ensure that people such as landowners and landowning communities can be represented to protect their interest and so that any participation by landowners in REDD+ activities is only done after a process of consultations that ensures the free, prior and informed consent of those landowners.